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European Commission Debuts OpenAIRE
The European Commission (EC) has launched OpenAIRE (Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe) at the University of Ghent in Belgium. Through this, it is expected that EU researchers, businesses, and citizens will have free and open access to EU-funded research papers.
Some 2.5 million research articles are published in 25,000 peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings worldwide every year. Currently, just 15% - 20% of these articles are available in Open Access repositories or Open Access journals. The rest are only accessible through pay per read schemes or by paying for a subscription to the publication. The EU-funded OpenAIRE infrastructure could eventually open up access to all scientific papers and data produced by researchers funded by the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7), including scientists receiving grants through the European Research Council (ERC), and beyond. Since FP7 started in 2007, some 10,000 projects have been funded.
Under the terms of their FP7 grants, researchers who receive EU funding in the fields of health, energy, environment, information and communication technology, research infrastructures, social sciences, humanities, and science in society should deposit the full texts of their research publications in an open access repository, to be made permanently available worldwide. This is around 20% of all projects funded by FP7. Researchers in other fields could also opt to make their texts available in the open access repository.
The project could also lead to new ways of indexing, annotating, ordering, and linking research results—and new methods to automate all this. This could trigger the development of new services on top of the information infrastructure which OpenAIRE provides. The project is running a helpdesk in 27 European countries, consisting of a network of experts and a portal of tools helping researchers to make their articles available online.
OpenAIRE originates from a European Commission pilot initiative on open access, launched in August 2008. Projects funded under FP7 are requested to deposit peer-reviewed papers in online repositories and to provide open access within 6 or 12 months after publication depending on the thematic area.
It complements other EU-funded research infrastructures such as GÉANT, which provides European scientists with a high speed research network, and PRACE, which develops supercomputing capacity for highly demanding applications. Results and reports of EU funded research can also be found on CORDIS, the Community Research and Development Information Service
Source: The European Commission
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