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Weekly News Digest

September 12, 2005 — In addition to this week's NewsBreaks article and the monthly NewsLink Spotlight, Information Today, Inc. (ITI) offers Weekly News Digests that feature recent product news and company announcements. Watch for additional coverage to appear in the next print issue of Information Today. For other up-to-the-minute news, check out ITIís Twitter account: @ITINewsBreaks.

CLICK HERE to view more Weekly News Digest items.

Happy 80th Birthday to Dr. Eugene Garfield

Eugene Garfield, Ph.D. and pioneer in the field of citation indexing and analysis, will be celebrating his 80th birthday on Sept. 15. Garfield is the founder of ISI (Institute for Scientific Information), which is now part of Thomson Scientific (

Fifty years ago, on July 15, 1955, Garfield published his groundbreaking paper on citation indexing, "Citation Indexes for Science: A New Dimension in Documentation through Association of Ideas." His paper envisioned the tools that allow researchers to expedite their research process, evaluate the impact of their work, spot scientific trends, and trace the history of modern scientific thought.

In 1964, Garfield introduced the first SCI (Science Citation Index) as a five-volume print edition that indexed 613 journals and 1.4 million citations. Two years later, SCI became available on magnetic tape and was later released on CD-ROM along with the Social Sciences and Arts & Humanities citation indexes. These were later combined in a Web environment and the Web of Science was born. Web of Science is a major component of the ISI Web of Knowledge, the integrated, Web-based platform from Thomson Scientific.

"Garfield's vision was ahead of its time," said Henry Small, chief scientist of Thomson Scientific. "He saw the potential of citation searching for researchers, but it took 40 years for the technology to advance to the point that allowed his vision to be fully realized."

Source: Thomson Scientific

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